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CROATIAN INVENTIONS - PENKALA

     

Code: 328060 Available

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Number: 1048
Value: 6.50 HRK
Design: Ariana Noršić, designer, Samobor
Size: 35.50 x 42.60 mm
Paper: white 102 g, gummed
Perforation: Comb,14
Technique: Multicolored Offsetprint
Printed by: Zrinski d.d., Čakovec
Date of issue: 27/4/2016
Quantity: 100,000 per motif


Not even full seven months elapsed from the patenting of the automatic pencil by Slavoljub Penkala before its production was initiated. Automatic pencil became a real hit in the European and world market and its success bought excellent business results to Edmund Moster & Co.


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Penkala Eduard Penkala was born in a small town Liptovský sv. Mikuláš (Republic of Slovakia) on 20 April 1871. Still as a young boy he showed talents in technics. He finished elementary school in his native town and secondary education (Gymnasium) in Bielitz, where he passed his final secondary school exam on 28. September 1892. He arrived to Zagreb in 1902, and registered his first invention in 1905. It was a rotating toothbrush. Next year, on 24 January 1906, he registered at the Patent Office an important invention. It was the Automatic mechanical pencil, entered in the registry in Budapest under number 36946 and it meant a real revolution in the development of stationery. Until Penkala's invention, black lead pencils were either made of wood (which means that they had to be sharpened) or were mechanical with very complicated way of exchanging and insertion of the black lead refill. The automatic pencil by engineer Penkala did not need sharpening and its thin black lead refill (graphite) was coming out from the pencil body when pressed against paper as it was used up. Today, when an average person cannot imagine life without PC and electronic mail, the invention by Penkala may not seem revolutionary, but more than hundred years ago it indeed changed the world of stationery. Mechanical pencil became an indispensable object of use to anyone who knew how to write. Not even full seven months elapsed after patenting of the automatic pencil by Slavoljub Penkala before its production was initiated. Automatic pencil became a real hit in the European and world market and its success brought excellent business results to the company Edmund Moster & Co. Writing with such mechanical pencil (named penkala) was a real pleasure. While the black lead refill was being used up, the rest of the refill was automatically coming out from the body of the pencil. Penkala's automatic pencils were produced in almost any colour as well as the refills they contained. The offers to buy the patent for automatic pencil were coming from all parts of the world, even from Japan. However, engineer Penkala did not want to sell his patent. His pencils were produced only in the factory Edmund Moster & CO. Engineer Penkala died on 5 February 1922 at the peak of his creative power and in the most fruitful years of his life. We shall never find out how many of his ideas remained unrealised. Miroslav Tišler

Number: CROATIAN INVENTIONS
Type: C
Description:   Motifs: Automatic mechanical pencil and its inventor Eduard Slavoljub Penkala; Torpedo and its inventor Giovanni Biagio Luppus Stamps have been issued in 6-stamp sheetlets, and there is also First Day Cover (FDC) issued by Croatian Post.
Date: 27/4/2016

In the same series:

 

Post stamp

0.67 €

FDC – First Day Cover

1.92 €

Annual set

28.00 €

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