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LOCOMOTIVES, JŽ 661/HŽ 2061 diesel-electric locomotives

     

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LOCOMOTIVES, JŽ 661/HŽ 2061 diesel-electric locomotives

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Number: 1308
Value: 6.50 HRK
Design: Ariana Noršić, a designer from Samobor, Illustrator: Maja Cipek
Size: 48.28 x 29.82 mm
Paper: white 102 g, gummed
Perforation: Comb,14
Technique: Multicolored Offsetprint
Printed by: AKD d.o.o., Zagreb
Date of issue: 5/10/2020
Quantity: 100,000


Rail transport was introduced in Croatia in 1860. For the next one hundred years, trains were pulled exclusively by steam locomotives. However, over time they became uneconomical in comparison with electric and diesel engines, which were constructed during the first half of the 20th century. Therefore, in the mid-1950s, the Community of Yugoslav Railways also started modernising its vehicle fleet, which led to the introduction of the first diesel-electric locomotives in Croatia, namely the JŽ 661 locomotive series, later marked as the HŽ 2061 series and the JŽ 642 locomotive series, later marked as the HŽ 2041 series.


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JŽ 661/HŽ 2061 diesel-electric locomotives The first diesel locomotives in the vehicle fleet of Yugoslav Railways (JŽ) needed to be adapted for traction of all types of trains, axle load of 18 tonnes and a maximum speed of 120 km/h. EMD G16 locomotives, made by the American manufacturer Electro-Motive Division of General Motors Corporation, were chosen as the most cost-effective ones. Between 1958 and 1973, said company manufactured a total of 430 locomotives of said series. A total of 218 locomotives in five different sub-series were provided to Yugoslav Railways. Željezničko transportno društvo (ŽTP) Zagreb (“Railway Transport Company Zagreb”) received 41 JŽ 661 series locomotives manufactured between 1960 and 1966. The remaining 177 locomotives were provided to individual subsidiaries of Yugoslav Railways by 1973. The first 20 locomotives for Railway Transport Company Zagreb arrived by ship to the Port of Split on 3 April 1960. The first official train ride was organised on 12 April on the Knin – Split line using the locomotive 661-003. In early 1961, another 13 locomotives were delivered, seven of which were received at the Railway Traction Division Knin and six at the Railway Traction Division Zagreb. Croatian Railways took over 39 JŽ 661 series locomotives from Railway Transport Company Zagreb, marking them as HŽ 2061 series. Afterwards, it took over another five locomotives of the same series from other organisations of Yugoslav Railways. The locomotives were nicknamed “Kennedy”. They were used for traction of passenger and freight trains along main railway lines. At the end of the 20th century, these locomotives were mostly used on railway lines in Dalmatia and for freight transport in the wider Zagreb area. In the early 21st century, two locomotives were upgraded to HŽ 2043 series by Rolling Stock Factory Gredelj, while the others were gradually retired. In 2003, there were 15 operable locomotives and two years later, 13 locomotives were sold to the American company NRCE. The last two locomotives were used until 2007, but they were also sold in 2011. There are two locomotives belonging to said series that have been preserved as part of the collection kept by the Croatian Railway Museum. Locomotives have six axles and single-axle drive, they are equipped with 16 cylinders generating power of 1,454 kW and use electric power transmission. HŽ 2061.0 sub-series locomotives were made to reach a maximum speed of 114 km/h, their weight in service amounted to 105 tonnes and fuel tank capacity was 3,028 litres. Maximum speed of 2061.1 sub-series locomotives was 124 km/h, locomotive weight in service was 109 tonnes, fuel tank capacity was 3,400 litres and their length over headstocks was 18,941 mm.

Number: LOCOMOTIVES
Type: C
Description:   Motifs: JŽ 661 and JŽ 642 diesel locomotives The postage stamps have been issued in a common 6-stamp sheetlet and the Croatian Post has also issued a First Day Cover (FDC).
Date: 5/10/2020

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