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LOCOMOTIVES – STEAM LOCOMOTIVE OF THE SERIES JDŽ/HDŽ/JŽ 83-106

     

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LOCOMOTIVES – STEAM LOCOMOTIVE OF THE SERIES JDŽ/HDŽ/JŽ 83-106

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Number: 1067
Value: 9.50 HRK
Design: Miran Šabić, and Ana Sladetić, master's degree holders in art, from Samobor
Size: 48.28 x 29.82 mm
Paper: white 102 g, gummed
Perforation: Comb,14
Technique: Multicolored Offsetprint
Printed by: Zrinski d.d., Čakovec
Date of issue: 3/10/2016
Quantity: 100,000 per motif


Locomotives from this series were known in public under the name „Ćiro“. In Croatia one locomotive remained preserved from this series with the mark JDŽ/HDŽ/JŽ 83-106 (SHS/BH Stb IV a5 1138). The locomotive was built in 1916 at the Krauss Factory in Linz (Austria).


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The history of railway systems is marked by huge and complicated development of hauling locomotives, starting from steam locomotives to the electrically, diesel and diesel-electrically driven locomotives. At the same time the sequence of development from steam locomotives to today's technically and technologically sophisticated hauling locomotives was enormous and can be traced in many segments. This is the reason why the review of the original series of steam locomotives - especially those which were used in industry or in freight and passenger traffic on narrow gauge railway tracks is almost inconsistet when compared with the possibilities and exploitation features of today’s locomotives. Steam Locomotive of the series JDŽ/HDŽ/JŽ 83-106(SHS/BH Stb IV a5 1138) The locomotives of this series were built for hauling of light freight and passenger trains on narrow gauge tail tracks of 760 mm in Bosnia and Hercegovina. They were constructed by Austrian engineers by reinforcing one kind of steam locomotive which was already hauling trains on local lines in Austrian Alps. In the period between 1903 and1929 the locomotives from this series were built in Austrian factories Krauss in Linz and Jungenthal in Sieg and in the period between 1948 and 1949 ten locomotives from the series were produced also in the Đuro Đaković Factory in Slavonski Brod for the needs of Yugoslav Railways. At first the locomotives were built using compound system on saturated steam and later the system of superheated steam. Their special features were round steam distributors, Heusinger steering, handbrake and vacuum brake Hardy, water filter and chimney Kobel. The locomotives of this series were known in public under the name „Ćiro“ and they hauled trains on the narrow gauge railway network in Bosnia and Herzegovina; they were coming to Croatia from Drvar, hauling trains through Lička Kaldrma and Strmica to Knin, as well as from Mostar to Metković, Ploče and Dubrovnik. After Second World War on the narrow-gauge railway Split-Sinj (the so called rera of Sinj) several of these locomotives were used as replacement for the locomotives of the series JDŽ/HDŽ 186. In Croatia one locomotive remained preserved from the mentioned series with the mark JDŽ/HDŽ/JŽ 83-106 (SHS/BH Stb IV a5 1138). The locomotive was built in 1916 in the Krauss Factory in Linz, Austria; from 1918 it was used in Bosnia and Herzegovina and later also in Croatia. It was withdrawn from traffic on 18. February 1975. During the period of its use the locomotive covered in total 3,778,505 kilometres. The locomotive is exhibited at the train station Ploče, and makes part of the fundus of the Croatian Railway Museum. The power of the locomotives from this series was 254 kW (345 KSi), the length with tender 13,700 mm, the weight of the empty locomotive 32.5 t, the weight of the locomotive in function 36 t and the highest allowed speed 35 km/h. Helena Bunijevac, Professor

Number: LOCOMOTIVES – NARROW GAUGE STEAM LOCOMOTIVES
Type: C
Description:   Motifs: Steam locomotive model no. 207 Steam Locomotive type JDŽ/HDŽ/JŽ 83-106 (SHS/BH Stb IVa5 1138) Stamps have been issued in common sheetlet of six stamps and there is also First Day Cover (FDC) issued by Croatian Post. We thank the HŽ (Croatian Railway) Infrastructure and the Croatian Railway Museum for cooperation and lent museum materials for the realisation of this issue.
Date: 3/10/2016

In the same series:

 

Post stamp

1.27 €

FDC – First Day Cover

2.73 €

Annual set

28.00 €

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