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Code: 336753 Available

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Number: 1309
Value: 6.50 HRK
Design: Ariana Noršić, a designer from Samobor, Illustrator: Maja Cipek
Size: 48.28 x 29.82 mm
Paper: white 102 g, gummed
Perforation: Comb,14
Technique: Multicolored Offsetprint
Printed by: AKD d.o.o., Zagreb
Date of issue: 5/10/2020
Quantity: 100,000

Rail transport was introduced in Croatia in 1860. For the next one hundred years, trains were pulled exclusively by steam locomotives. However, over time they became uneconomical in comparison with electric and diesel engines, which were constructed during the first half of the 20th century. Therefore, in the mid-1950s, the Community of Yugoslav Railways also started modernising its vehicle fleet, which led to the introduction of the first diesel-electric locomotives in Croatia, namely the JŽ 661 locomotive series, later marked as the HŽ 2061 series and the JŽ 642 locomotive series, later marked as the HŽ 2041 series.

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JŽ 642/HŽ 2041 diesel-electric locomotives After introducing diesel engines, there was a need for procuring engines for pulling lighter freight and passenger trains as well as for heavy shunting. During test rides, locomotives made by the French manufacturer Brissonneau et Lotz proved to be the most cost-effective. Under the licence granted by said company, the company Đuro Đaković from Slavonski Brod started manufacturing four-axle diesel-electric JŽ 642 series locomotives in 1961. By 1972, it manufactured 104 locomotives of said series. The first locomotive was delivered to Railway Transport Company Skopje in June of 1961. Railway Transport Company Zagreb received 33 locomotives manufactured between 1962 and 1965, while the remaining locomotives were distributed to other subsidiaries of Yugoslav Railways by 1972. Croatian Railways took over all 33 locomotives from Railway Transport Company Zagreb, to which it assigned the numerical code HŽ 2041. Over the years of their use, there were problems regarding their regular maintenance, so in 2009, five inoperable locomotives were sent to be reconstructed and modernised at Rolling Stock Factory Gredelj. Modernisation was completed in 2014 and new sub-series and a numerical code – HŽ 2041.1 – were assigned to the locomotives in 2010. Rehabilitation of the locomotives has extended their useful life by 30 years, increased the level of their reliability and reduced operating and maintenance expenses. Today, the HŽ 2041 series locomotives are used for heavy shunting at larger freight stations and for freight train traction. A total of 17 such locomotives have been preserved, of which 11 are operable and six are retired. All of them are kept as part of the traction vehicle fleet of HŽ Cargo d.o.o. Locomotives have four axles with single-axle drive. Axle load is 16 tonnes per axle, they are equipped with a four-stroke diesel engine and they use electric power transmission. Locomotive traction power is 425 kW, maximum speed is 80 km/h, weight in service is 63 tonnes and length over headstocks is 14,740 mm. Helena Bunijevac

Type: C
Description:   Motifs: JŽ 661 and JŽ 642 diesel locomotives The postage stamps have been issued in a common 6-stamp sheetlet and the Croatian Post has also issued a First Day Cover (FDC).
Date: 5/10/2020

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